გაზეთ "კავკაზის" ფოლკლორულ-ეთნოგრაფიული მასალებიდან (1846-1918)

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Date
2017
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Abstract
This paper is a part of the project Georgian-Caucasian Folklore Relations: 19th-20th Century Sources and Modern Narratives (sponsored by Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation, FR/532/2-154/13). Research of Georgian- Caucasian folklore relations is closely connected with political-ideological issues, as the authors of folklore-ethnographic descriptions of Caucasian people were militaries in the service of the Russian Empire from the second half of the 19th century. Data collected by Russian authors, provide rich material about the countries included in the Russian Empire for study of separate historical, ethnographic, folklore, literary and culturological issues, as well as from the viewpoint of researche of imperialism in general. Important part of the folklore studies of the 19th century are the works of Georgian and Russian historians, linguists, ethnographers, literary critics, public opinion researchers, as well as foreign travelers, where folkloric material is used, as folkloric studies as a field of science, is based on these sciences. This paper deals with folkloric and ethnographical sources published in the newpaper “Kavkaz” [Caucasus], periodical of the Russian geographical society’s Caucasian department. Throughout its existence, this collection largely contributed to accumulation and publication of issues of the Caucasian culture, ethnography, archaeology, language, literature and folklore. In various years, many authors had collaborated with “Kavkaz”: R. Eristavi, N. Berdznishvili, P. Ioseliani, D. Qipiani, I. Evlakhishvili, G. Tsereteli, M. Janashvili, A. Khakhanashvili, S. Pushkarev, N. Dunkel-Welling, K. Chernishev, K. Dayubinsky etc. People of various social and educations levels provided materials for the “Kavkaz”: teachers of gymnasiums and schools, students of high grades, travelers etc. The purpose of publication of the collection was to study and become familiarized with the Caucasian peoples, which had political-state background. Knowledge of customs and mentality of newly joined peoples had a great importance for the Russian Tsarism for their assimilation. The folkloric and ethnographical materials published in “Kavkaz” describe various aspects of Caucasian folk life: social shifts, tradition of hospitality, folk festivals, gender problems etc.
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https://geohistory.humanities.tsu.ge/ge/procedings/83-shromebi/169-shromebi-12.html
Keywords
„კავკაზი“, ფოლკლორი, ეთნოგრაფია
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის საქართველოს ისტორიის ინსტიტუტის შრომები, XII, თბილისი, 2017, გვ. 271-279 / Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Institute of Georgian History Proceedings, XII, Tbilisi, 2017, pp. 271-279
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