The Interaction Between Local Governments and NGOs in Disability Policy in Ankara

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi state university, Faculty of social and political sciences
There are many important factors encouraging the non-governmental organizations’ (NGOs) participation in the generation and implementation of public policies, especially of disability policies. Many countries and organizations such as the European Union (EU), the United Nations (UN) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) are trying to ensure a more effective and extensive participation of civil society actors in disability policies, as compared to other policy areas. The case in Turkey is also quite similar to those. Moreover, both international and national legislations support the effective and extensive participation processes in the area of disability policies in Turkey. Participation platforms for people with disabilities are developed by adopting the approach of transforming urban spaces into livable places for citizens with disabilities. And it can only be possible with the participation of people with disabilities in political, social and economic life. Non-governmental disability organizations try to be more effective on political pressure groups for issues of disability policies, especially on a local level. The aim of this study is primarily to examine the influence of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) on disability policies of the government in urban areas. Theoretical discussions have shown that public policies are generated by the participation of various actors within the society. Disability policies are also generated and implemented by these actors including NGOs. In this study, an urban area, the Ankara province, was selected to evaluate the influence of NGOs which are in the interest of disability issues on the generation and implementation of disability policy. Their involvement was examined within the legal and institutional context of participation mechanisms. The study aims at examining the policy participation in disability issues and it analyses the attitudes of actors towards public policy generation processes. In this context, interviews were conducted with urban administrators, and NGO managers who have disabilities. The findings showed that NGOs have certain problems of participation in disability policies. This study proposed a better participation model for NGOs in the generation and implementation of disability policy.
Disability policy, Civil society, NGO, Participation, Public policy analysis, Engagement, შეზღუდული შესაძლებლობების მქონე პირთა მიმართ არსებული პოლიტიკა, სამოქალაქო საზოგადოება, არასამთავრობო ორგანიზაციები, საჯარო პოლიტიკის ანალიზი, ჩართულობა