ვარლამ ჩერქეზიშვილი ინგლის-ბურების ომზე (1899-1902). VARLAM CHERKEZISHVILI ON THE ENGLISH-BOOR WAR (1899-1902)

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Date
2022-07-14
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Abstract
Varlam Cherkezishvili, an outstanding Georgian politician and journalist, made a significant contribution in the popularization of the world history in Georgia. In his epistolary heritage, he reveals a thorough knowledge of the key issues of the recent history of Western Europe. He is well aware of the life and works of the famous public figures of the given epoch. The paper focuses on an interesting aspect of Varlam Cherkezishvili’s works, without which the analysis of his journalistic activities would be incomplete. Varlam Cherkezishvili was especially knowledgeable in the history of Western European countries, especially the history of England of the XIX-XX centuries. This is not surprising, because he lived in England and witnessed the events discussed in his publicist works. This aspect of Varlam Cherkezishvili’s heritage is yet unknown to the Georgian society. Therefore, it is important to cover the issue, because this will enable fill the gap in the Georgian historiography. The paper focuses on Varlam Cherkezishvili’s attitude to the war between England and the Boor Republic (1899-1902). The research is topical and interesting, because the issue of English-Boor war was very acute in the given epoch. Although Varlam Cherkezishvili has not written a special paper dedicated to this war, he expressed his opinions regarding the issue in various works. His position is both interesting and transparent. In his publicist letters, published in the Georgian periodicals, he provides interesting information about the English-Boor war. This material has formed the main source of our research. On the boundary of the XIX-XX centuries, none of the issues was as topical for the international relations as the English-Boor war. Therefore, it is not surprising that Varlam Cherkezishvili was interested in the issue. In general, the above-mentioned war was widely discussed in Georgia, because the national liberation movement had always aroused the interest of the Georgian society. Varlam Cherkezishvili’s opinion regarding the English-Boor war is one of the components of this interest. He addressed the Georgian society from England. Varlam Cherkezishvili’s correct evaluation of the English-Boor war and his knowledgeability regarding the issue is a logical result of his awareness of the empirical-factual material. The chief merit of Varlam Cherkezishvili’s argumentation regarding the war is that he fully sympathizes with the Boors. Varlam Cherkezishvili condemns the cruel acts committed by the English in the Boor Republic. He severely criticizes the English colonists for the annihilation of the peaceful population. Such attitude is correct and it should be considered a great merit of his journalistic activities. Varlam Cherkezishvili underlines the fact that, unlike the English government, the English society supported the Boors’ aspiration to freedom. This forms one of the positive aspects of Varlam Cherkezishvili’s argumentation regarding the issue of the English-Boor war.
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ვარლამ ჩერქეზიშვილი, ინგლისი, ბურები, ნიკო ბური, Varlam Cherkezishvili, England, Boers, Niko Boer
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი ჰუმანიტარულ მეცნიერებათა ფაკულტეტი, აკადემიკოს მარიამ ლორთქიფანიძის დაბადებიდან 100 წლის იუბილესადმი მიძღვნილი XVI საფაკულტეტო სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2022, გვ.: 11-16 / Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Faculty of Humanities, 16th FACULTY SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE IN HONOUR OF THE 100th ANNIVERSARY OF THE BIRTH OF MARIAM LORTKIPANIDZE, Abstracts, Tbilisi, 2022, pp.: 11-16