Olympics Games: The Organisation, the History, the Committee, the Projects. Rome 1960 -Barcelona 1992: From a Dream to the Urban Model

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The choice of analysing the Olympic Games of Rome 1960 and Barcelona 1992 belongs to the con- flicting and diverse impact generated on the two cities. These two editions created a big urban tran- sformation, which allows for a new critical perspective, concerning public services and management measures. I will examine how management models will either prevent or increase the exploitation of the intangible benefits, necessarily associated to the Olympic event. Olympic venues are at the hearth of the Olympic planning, as they constitute the citizens’ Olympic legacy. In fact, these venues’ sitting capacity and their technology determinate their future use and value among the citizens, possibly enhancing the sportive practice within the local community. The Olympic venues design, supported by a strong, public transportation system, is therefore of pivotal importance in order to develop a new and stable city economy able to imply its own resources and to limit the environmental impact as like as cost instability. My critical analysis, regarding these two mega- events, is carried out through the de- velopment of 13 guidelines, aiming to offer effective criteria in order to guarantee not only an econo- mic revenue but also intangible, future benefits. This investigation shows how cities should favour from these intangible benefits, which develop as a consequence of both, the Olympic bid’s success and the infrastructural evolution. Only thanks to these new philosophies, cities and regions, as a consequence, could profit from the intangible benefits, belonging to the Olympic game, such as: employment, structu- re and infrastructure use, tourism, job offers, SME, cultural development, decision making, trade. The purpose is to demonstrate how socio-urban implications, impact, legacy and sustainability are fundamental aspects to be considered when planning and evaluating the Olympic Games. The analysis of the Olympic planning will also describe the obstacles around the creation of a new neighborhood and the linking network in the future Olympic city. The project involves a multi- and inter- disciplinary methodology which, through a critical analysis approach, aims to develop a new way to study the Olympic Games.
Olympic games, Legacy, Sustainability, Urbanism