კავკასიის ალბანური ლექსიკა (ისტორიულ-შედარებითი ანალიზი)

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Date
2022-12-20
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Abstract
The common Lezgian vocabulary in the Caucasian Albanian includes the words denoting parts of a human’s body, relatives, activities, status and other words relating to the human being as well as the words denoting fl ora, fauna, building, food, units of time, inanimate creations, natural phenomena, pronouns (personal, demonstrative, refl exive, interrogative), numerals (from one to nine, ten, twenty, hundred), adjectives, adverbs, verbs, deverbative nominals… In the sound-correspondences the Caucasian Albanian and Udi, with few exceptions, are represented with similar refl exes. Basic phonematic processes as a result of which the phonological systems of Caucasian Albanin and Udi, took place identically. In aff ricates the following phonetic changes should be underlined: weak (glottalized as well as non-glottalized) aff ricates were lost in anlaut and inlaut. In Udi this process was completed, but in Caucasian Albanian it was in the stage of completion. In auslaut the spirantization of weak non-glottalized aff ricates took place, as regards the weak glottalized aff ricates, they didn’t undergo changes. With respect to the intensive aff ricates, they are preserved in both languages due to the fact that correlation has been demolished according to intensivity. Additionally, the spirantization of voiced aff ricates took place in both languages. Lateral aff ricates were transformed into corresponding uvular aff ricates (except *, which underwent spirantization). Plosives are basically preserved unchangeably, except a *g sound which as a rule occurs in Caucasian Albanian and Udi as ḳ. In spirants two basic changes took place. Correlation according to intensivity has been demolished and lateral spirants were changed into unvoiced uvular spirants (x). Sonors are basically preserved unchangeably.
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ალბანური ენა, ლექსიკოლოგია, კავკასიის ენები, Albanian language, lexicology, languages of Caucasus
Citation
სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია ტოგო გუდავა – მეცნიერი და მასწავლებელი, ეძღვნება დაბადებიდან 100 წლისთავს, თეზისები, 20 დეკემბერი 2022, გვ. 27-30