ივანე ჯავახიშვილი და ოსური ენისა და მწერლობის განვითარების საკითხები/ Ivane Javakhishvili and the Issues of the Development of Ossetian Language and Writing

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
Ivane Javakhishvili was very concerned about the issues of studying the languages of the mountain people, the great scientist considered it his duty to raise the national consciousness of his neighbors living in the north and take care of the development of their writing. The development of national consciousness, their national revival, was impossible without education. That is why Ivane Javakhishvili focused on this matter immediately after the establishment of the university. At the Georgian University, in 1918, at the very first meeting of professors, he raised the issue of studying the Ossetian language. Of course, the issue was really acute. The Ossetian language, a language of the Indo-European family, differs from the languages of the Iranian group primarily in phonetic and in general linguistic features. It contains sharp sounds known for both Iranian and Caucasian languages at the same time. That is why it was necessary to start his research at the scientific level at the university. Many well-educated linguists were already invited here. Giorgi Akhvlediani was one of them to be appointed as the head of this case. Ivane Javakhishvili believed that the study of the language and orality of the mountain people was very useful for them and was necessary for the scientific study of our mother tongue. According to the great scientist, the national revival of the northern neighbors and the development of their writing signified the future political well-being of the Caucasians as a whole. Ivane Javakhishvili entrusted the study and teaching of the Ossetian language to the great linguist Giorgi Akhvlediani. His contribution to the study of the Ossetian language is extensively reviewed in the work. It can be said that along with great scientists Andreas Johan Sjögren, Vsevolod Miller, Georges Dumézil, Vasil Abaev and others, Giorgi Akhvlediani made a great contribution to the scientific study and research of the Ossetian language. His works do not lose their importance even today and are used as fundamental textbooks for higher education.
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ქართული ენა, ოსური ენა, იდენტობა, ლიტერატურა, Georgian language, Ossetian language, Identity, Literature
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 21-24