რელიგიის ნიშნები პრეისტორიული საზოგადოების სახელობო საქმიანობაში

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2023
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
Discussing certain archeological features of the finds of Sakdrisi-- Dzedzvebi site, it becomes clear how closely related the practice of gold mining and certain rituals were in the existence of society at the end of the IV millennium and the beginning of the III millennium BC. It becomes clear that the materialized rituals are only a small part of the cult expressions that might have a possible place in the gold mining customs. Most of them might have been gradually formed from everyday habits. It is difficult to say which of them was dominant. We can only suppose which practical habit led to the formation of the ritual. It may have been the complexity of the mining activity and, depending on it, the desire for a safe work process, the high degree of disaster and the expectation of profit. In the case of Sakdrisi mines, safe mining operations should have played the main role. Extracting ore-bearing veins or using fire was a high-risk activity. As for the results of the work, its prediction was a more difficult matter and depended entirely on the favour of the gods. If we consider these suggestions to be acceptable, then it is no longer surprising to have the galleries filled with used mining tools after the completion of the work and to leave specially selected stone tools on the mined areas. In my opinion, based on the fact that there was no technical necessity to leave the tools in the working area during the working process, which was clearly shown during the excavation, the only explanation should be sought in the religious aspect.
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კულტურის ისტორიისა და თეორიის საკითხები XXXVII, თსუ ისრაელის ცენტრი, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 37-59/ ISSUES OF HISTORY AND THEORY OF CULTURE XXXVII, TSU Center for Israel Studies, Tbilisi, 2023, pp.: 37-59
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