ალექსანდრე ცაგარელი და ახალი ქართული ლიტერატურის საკითხები/ Aleksandre Tsagareli and the Issues of the New Georgian Literature

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
Aleksandre Tsagareli is one of the outstanding figures among the nineteenth-century Kartvelologists. He is more famous for his linguistic and historical works, however, Tsagareli is also the author of the cycle of letters "Our Unfortunate Literature in this Century" ("Droeba" 1870, No. 2-7), in which he introduced himself as a critic of new Georgian literature. This essay is important it shows for the first time the differentiation of Georgian writing of the nineteenth century into separate stages. Aleksandre Tsagareli singles out three main stages of the development of new Georgian literature and connects them with the names of specific writers. He names Aleksandre Chavchavadze as the central figure of the first period. According to the critic, Anacreontic motifs, the great influence of Persian love poetry, archaic language, indifference to civil problems mark his works. The key author of the second period is Giorgi Eristavi, the creator of national comedy, who founded his literary school and gave rise to satirical writing. The leading writers of the third period are Ilia Chavchavadze and Akaki Tsereteli. According to Alexandre Tsagareli, Nikoloz Baratashvili stands completely apart in Georgian literature. The critic draws a parallel between the poetry of Nikoloz Baratashvili and Mikhail Lermontov, thereby pointing to the romantic context of the Georgian poet's work. Tsagareli thinks that "Bedi Kartlisa" (“The Fate of Kartli”) gave birth to civic poetry in Georgia. Alexandre Tsagareli's discussion about Ilia Chavchavadze's work is noteworthy. The value of his thought is mainly determined by the fact that it opposes the opinion of previous critics (G. Baratashvili, B. Jorjadze, A. Furtseladze, A. Tsereteli), according to which Ilia Chavchavadze lacks the natural talent of a lyric poet and writes poems "in a haphazard manner". Analyzing particular samples of Ilia ChavChavadze’s lyrics, Alexandre Tsagareli proves that Ilia was blessed with the talent of a lyricist. Alexandre Tsagareli considers the energy of the poetic phrase to be one of the main virtues of Ilia Chavchavadze's poetry. According to the critic, the fact that Ilia Chavchavadze's lyrics have a special emotional impact on the reader comes from this. Among Ilia's works, Tsagareli is most fascinated by "Is that a Man?!". The value of Tsagareli’s article for the history of the study of Ilia Chavchavadze’s prose is determined by the fact that he raised the issue of Ilia's relation to Nikolai Gogol's work. It is true that Tsagareli did not manage to solve this problem to the end, but he created the basis for starting a special discussion about the reception of Gogol in Georgian literature and in particular - in the work of Ilia Chavchavadze. Later, Grigol Kiknadze, an outstanding critic of new Georgian literature, in his famous monograph "Issues of speech style" devoted a special study to this problem, in which he presented the relationship between the creative methods of Ilia Chavchavadze and Nikolai Gogol.
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ქართული ლიტერატურა, ქართული კრიტიკა, ალექსანდრე ცაგარელი, Georgian literature, Georgian criticism, Aleksandre Tsagareli
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 16-20