Labor safety policy experience of Latvia

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Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press
Labor safety system in Latvia was faced with a number of challenges or opposes during the post-Soviet period, accompanied with great transformation. The changes was covered by wide spectrum of formation, such as developing fundamentally different legislation, implementation of new requirements in national legislation (adopting New Osh law), raising awareness of society with support of social partners, improvement of expert activities in labor inspection and more. At the same me, the socio-economic situation in Latvia is changing radically and new commercial organizations are formed, which is accompanied by the dominance of certain industrial sectors. The change in labor safety and health care system immediately caused the necessity of reorganize internal security system at the enterprise / institution and adopt to its modern standard. During this period, has been developed preventive approach, which was based on the principles of hazard identification and risk assessment. Latvia’s labor safety system is designed to create a safe work environment in whole country, increase the viability of employees and improve economic conditions. It is obvious that the steps, which were taken at the central level are create fundamental grounds for preventive policy and makes solid guarantees for the establishment of a work culture in society. For this purpose, studying an example of Latvia represents an important value for Georgia, as a more or less similar political and market economies countries, with the similar starting point for developing.
1. Labour Protection Law, adopted by the Latvian Parliament (Saeima) on 20 June 2001. Available in Latvian at: 2. Latvian Trade Union Confederation (2012). Home page. Retrieved 18 June 2012, from: 3. Labor Protection Development Plan for 2016-201, adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers in 2016 (in Latvian). Available at: Darba aizsardzības jomas attistibas plāns 2016.–2018. gadam 4. Procedures for the Performance of Internal Supervision of the Work Environment, adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers on 2 October 2007. Available in Latvian at: https:// 5. LDDK – Employers’ Confederation of Latvia, Working Conditions and Risks in Latvia 20092010, Riga, 2010, p. 122 (in Latvian). Available at: 6. Regulation of Labour Sub Council of National Tripartite Collaboration Council, adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers on 8 March 2000 (in Latvian). Available at: http://www. 7. Regulations regarding Dangerous Equipment, adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers on 7 November 2000. hp:// MK_Noteikumi/Cab._Reg._No._384_-_Regulations_regarding_Dangerous_Equipment. doc
Labor Safety; Formulating Policy; Labor Safety System of Latvia; International Labor Organization
Economics and Business, №1, 2019, pp. 139-145