პერსონაჟთა დახატვის ხერხები დავით კლდიაშვილის შემოქმედებაში

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2021-12-23
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
All of David Kldiashvili’s characters are decorated with individual features. The question arises: What makes same so individual? What is the writer’s technique of drawing characters and what determines their different literary image? Analysis of Kldiashvili’s short stories shows that at first the author describes a character by author’s discussion and then by their way of speech. Speech, phrases give him the peculiarity, which other characters lack. The most famous story by Davit Kldiashvili is Samanishvili’s Stepmother. Author starts the story by describing Bekina Samanishvili: “Bekina Samanishvili, of course, was a poor noble, quite poor even…” This is followed by the description of Bekina’s property and his attitude towards his situation – “Bekina believed himself to be rich and there was no man on earth who could make Bekina to admit his poverty.” This attitude is by the author’s assessment, expressed in the words of others: “As they say in Imereti region, Bekina was always “dressed up.” (Kldiashvili 1988 : 94). Along with the author’s words, Kldiashvili’s character is also well described by his own style of speech. About his daughter-in-law giving birth often, the old man smilingly says: “Woman, in some cases, being good in something is not beneficiary, it is harmful even…” While commenting to his son that his decision to marry will not harm the family, Bekina says: “My good man, why would it kill you if I bring some old woman here?... How can you be afraid of an old woman, you, poor man?! (Kldiashvili 1988 : 97). With these words Bekina neutralizes his serious decision and makes the expected severity of this decision for his son seem easier. When Bekina learns about his son’s intension to choose the twice widowed, childless woman for his father, he asks a humorous question: “If that cursed woman makes me to follow those two previous, what will you do then? Ha? Ah, ah, ah!” When Platon borrows peasant Pavlia Gomiashvili’s old horse to travel, Bekina ironically asks: “Who did he get this stallion from, Melano, my dear?” and adds: “It might fall down on the way, woman!” Irony and lightness characterizes Bekina’s narrative. Even when the tragedy happens, Bekina does not refrain from recognizing his mistake and attempts to neutralize the complexity of his child’s situation: “I wish I would have died… Wish I would have been eaten by the grave like Marika and never seen this day!” This phrase is full of grief and completes the character’s image. As an example, we have discussed Bekina’s literary image from Kldiashvili’s works. In general, observation of his characters by Davit Kldiashvili has shown to us that the writer repeats the given scheme of describing characters almost everywhere – author’s description is replaced by the character’s action, author’s assessment of that action and character’s dialogue with other character, which even sharper reveals his image – nature and mood.
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დავით კლდიაშვილი, მხატვრული შემოქმედება, პერსონაჟი, დახატვის ხერხი, Davit Kldiashvili, Literary Works, Character, Drawing Techniques
Citation
სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია „XIX საუკუნე – ეპოქათა მიჯნა“, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2021, გვ. 23-26 / Scientific Conference XIX CENTURY – THE BOUNDARY OF EPOCHS, ABSTRACTS, Tbilisi, 2021 pp. 23-26