About the issue of private property relations and the genesis of entrepreneurship (კერძოსაკუთრებრივი ურთიერთობებისა და მეწარმეობის გენეზისის საკითხისათვის)

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Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press
An important role in ensuring the well-being of the population is how the society has mastered the defining (basic) reasons for its economic activities - its own relations and the motivation of the activities caused by them - and how it uses them to achieve the desired result. The coexistence and ratio of two forms of property, private property and public property, has historically always conditioned the essence of the socio-economic order, the result of economic activity. At the same time, private property, the substance that determines motivation, has always been dominant. Therefore, understanding the motivation of private owners, the correct theoretical assessment of the pros and cons of this motivation and the impact on the well-being of their society and its practical application should become one of the main means of developing highyield production in our country. In our reality, the solution to this problem is complicated by the fact that private property was restored in the country not through the acquisition of wealth, but through the privatization of public property by individuals using various illegal, criminal methods of ownership of the entire population. Added to this was the seizure of wealth by private owners by the criminal “elite” imprisoned in state structures in 2002-2012. It is clear that such a nature of the process would not have contributed to the stimulation of the motivation of private property relations, weakening its downside. This indicates that the Georgian government must grasp the importance and severity of the problem, consistently and simultaneously pursue a comprehensive policy of maximizing the pros and cons of the relationship between private owners.
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Private property relations, entrepreneurship, business, motivation, welfare, rivalry, socially oriented economic system
Economics and Business, №3, 2020, pp. 49-66