ჯემალ ქარჩხაძის რომან „მდგმურის“ ჰერმენევტიკული წაკითხვისათვის

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Date
2019
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Volume Title
Publisher
უნივერსალი
Abstract
“Everywhere, where the world is experienced by us, where the alienation is removed, everywhere the hermeneutical process of gathering of the world in word and in consciousness in general is completed.” (H. Gadamer) Understanding of a fiction text, its correct interpretation, unification of synchronous and diachronic angles, reader and theoretician, author and historic context, inner and external logos, lingual and genre model – this is the scarce list from literature theory issues, which a reader must be aware of for the deconstruction and further correct reconstruction of a text. Research of fiction texts by hermeneutical method is very acute and interesting. It is the philosophical-existential reading, based on the hermeneutical method that allows more or less perfect interpretation of the in-depth idea. In hermeneutical interpretation the main goal is not only the reconstruction of a literary text; the main goal of interpretation is the extension of the knowledge of a reader and their better understanding of themselves. One of the main characteristic features of modernist literature is the erased boundary between the reality and imagination. The connection with the outside world is mostly imaginary, but impressive. The given momentary “understanding” of, “closing” with, creates aesthetic illusion of certain understanding, as opposed to existential fear. This is how the existential inevitability and absurdity of a person estranged by the technological progress process. Jemal Karchkhadze’s creative work is studied mostly fragmentally. There is a research of his texts by Biblical concepts and historicism principle. Search for fiction transformation of a parable, as of a micro-scheme in Karchkhadze’s works is also interesting. When discussing the writer’s philosophical-aesthetic vision, the critics mostly refer to Biblical aspects. The goal of our research is to identify those modernist markers and by means of hermeneutic interpretative model to search for internal and external logos of the texts and philosophical-existential reading of the creative/fiction text. At the given stage the empiric material is the novel The Lodger. We will use every tool and means, for example, verbal thinking, symbols, author’s comments and viewpoints in relation to the text, creative language, aesthetic-ideological and ontological structure, in order to determine the primary essence of the text, to define “the whole” and in addition the constant interrelation of the whole and the part. The novel " Lodger " features the triple crisis of modernist prose: the crisis of cognition, subjectivity and language. In conclusion we think that " Lodger" is a modernist text.
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Keywords
Jemal Kharchkhadze, “Resident”, Hermaneutical
Citation
III International Symposium for Young Scholars in the Humanities (Symposium proceedings)
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